Tom Lovig designed the Gerbubble Bug in the early 1900s to fish for bass on the Chesapeake Bay. It is a very effective fly but did not become popular until the May 1971 issue of Fly Fisherman popularized it with the history and tying instructions.
It’s not difficult to tie, but forming the head is time-consuming. Modern woodworking tools and a few jigs can make the process much easier.40
When I started tying flies in the 70s, I thought I could save money. I was wrong. Over the next 60 years, I have spent thousands of dollars on materials to tie flies. It would have been much cheaper to have purchased every fly I use in that period. Of course, I would have missed all the fun of tying the flies. I learned a lot, and I do think my flies last longer than the store-bought flies.25
In 1981 Gary Lafontaine published a seminal work entitled Caddisflies. This book is based upon observations made while scuba diving. In it, he describes the life cycle of the caddisflies and how they behave in the water. LaFontaine goes on to develop various patterns and discusses how to fish them.18
The Haystack is an easy to tie dry fly that is very effective. Designed by Fran Betters in 1948 and described in his book Fly Fishing — Fly Tying and Pattern Guide published in 1986. The Author describes the Haystack as “an all purpose dry fly that imitates a majority of the insects that trout feed on.”29